Seven stages of patriarchy: Age and the Indian woman’s experience of gender discrimination

Publication Type:

Working Papers


NIAS, Bangalore, p.21 (2021)


Age specific mortality rates, Gender Discrimination, India, Patriarchy, Sex ratios, Stages


The paper uncovers different forms of patriarchy as experienced by Indian woman at various stages of her life. It argues the ultimate effect of sustained and extreme discrimination is differential mortality rates, which get reflected in changing sex-ratios. It identifies specific stages pointing to distinct phases of gender relations.