Regulation boundaries for preservation of Cultural Heritage sites (NIAS/HUM/HSS/U/PB/09/2021)

Publication Type:

Policy Brief


Rajani M. B.


NIAS, Bangalore (2021)


The Issue: Archaeological sites in India are governed by the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act (1952, amended in 2010). According to the guidelines on AMASR published by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), a site should be recommended for protection based on its authenticity and integrity. The latter is defined as “a measure of wholeness or intactness” of the site, including “all elements necessary to express its national importance from historical, artistic or archaeological points of view”. Similarly, the UNESCO’s Convention has defined that boundaries of Core and Buffer zones should include “all those areas and attributes which are a direct tangible expression of the Outstanding Universal Value of the property”, as well as “those areas which in the light of future research possibilities offer potential to contribute to and enhance such understanding”.