Preliminary insights into the provenance of South Indian copper alloys and images using a holistic approach of comparisons of their lead isotopes and chemical composition with slags and ores

Publication Type:

Book Chapters


Metals in antiquity, Archaeopress, Oxford, p.200–210 (1999)



Chola, Copper Alloys, Early Historic Period, Lead Isotopes, Pallava, PROVENANCE, Slags, South India, Trace Elements, Vijayanagara


An attempt is made to gain greater insights into probable sources of copper alloys images and artefacts from south India by comparing lead isotope ratios and elemental analyses with those of ores and slags.