Pakistan's Civil Nuclear Programme: Ambitious Expansion Plans to Face Multiple Challenges (NIAS/CSS/CRPR/U/IB/05/2021)

Publication Type:

Issue Brief


NIAS, Bangalore (2021)


Foreshadowed by the strategic weapons programme, Pakistan's civil nuclear energy sector has expanded slowly yet steadily over the last two decades. However, despite China's support, ambitious expansion plans are not likely to materialise due to Pakistan’s faltering proliferation credentials, NSG opposition, financial constraints and other domestic factors.