Nature and culture in the wild: Biological foundations of behavioural traditions in non-human primates

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Book Chapters


Nature and Culture, PHISPC and CSC, Volume XIV Part I, New Delhi, p.367–389 (2011)



A variety of mechanisms for socially facilitated learning allow animals to acquire information from the behaviour of others, and through their own modified behaviour such information can subsequently be transmitted between individuals within and across generations. Variation in such socially acquired and transmitted behaviours is unlikely to be under direct genetic control since individuals who are closely related genetically can have and pass on very different behaviours; this is also true for cultural traditions that such behaviours may have generated.


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