Of Left-Behind Places and People: Inequality, Labour Migration and Development in India (NIAS/SSc/IHD/U/WP/22/2021)

Publication Type:

Working Papers


NIAS, Bangalore (2021)


migration; inequality; development; India; left-behind women; left-behind households; left-behind youth


This paper reviews the relationship between inequality, labour migration and development in India, with a focus on those who are left behind. The paper concentrates on spatial inequalities and inequalities between population groups and argues that these inequalities are creating left-behind places and left-behind populations. It also identifies potential implications of being left behind.