India's national higher education policy recommendations since independence: An ontological analysis

Publication Type:

Journal Articles


Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, Volume 30, p.5–24 (2016)



<p>We present an ontological analysis of India's National Higher Education Policy recommendations since its independence. The ontology provides a systemic framework for the analysis. The analysis systematically highlights the aspects that have been heavily emphasised, lightly emphasized, and not emphasized. It highlights the dominant focus of the recommendation on governance, personnel, and regulation, secondary emphasis on funding, infrastructure, and location, and tertiary emphasis on information and temporal policies. It concludes with a critique of the recently proposed Ministry of Human Resource Development's (MHRD) themes for formulating new policies and proposes a framework of logically developing the themes.</p>