On Higher Carbon and Crucible Steels in Southern India: Further Insights from Mel-siruvalur, Kodumanal and Pattinam

Publication Type:

Journal Articles


Indian Journal of History of Science, Indian National Science Academy, Volume 42, Number 4, p.673–695 (2007)




Crucible, High carbon, Southern India, Steel


This paper touches on some further insights into the questions of the use, modes of production or antiquity of higher carbon steel or higher carbon iron alloys from studies related to some finds from surface, megalithic and early historic finds in southern India. In particular the sites discussed include the surface finds of crucible steel production identified by the author at Mel-siruvalur, finds from the megalithic burial-cum-habitation site of Kodumanal, and the early historic site of Pattinam in Kerala


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