Future Indian (New) Space - Contours of a National Space Policy That Positions A New Public-Private Regime

Publication Type:

Conference Papers


3rd Manfred Lachs International Conference on NewSpace Commercialisation and the Law, p.1–8 (2015)




<p>Indian space activities have made tremendous progress in the past 50 years with successful programmes of Indian communication satellites in INSAT; Indian EO satellites in IRS and Indian launch vehicles in the PSLV and GSLV. India has also had a mission to Moon - Chandrayaan-1; a mission on-way to Mars and the IRNSS. Successful foray into global markets have also been achieved. In the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017), India is planning for 58 missions with an investment of almost 6 B USD (at 2013 rates). Today, Indian Space Programme is at a cusp with the need for a LONG TERM STRATEGY FOR SPACE? basically creating a roadmap that will look 30-50 years ahead and address several key questions in the public domain. Indian space needs to orient for a quantum jump in technological growth, adopt organisational models and collaborative strategies that will ensure economic efficiency and position a vibrant private sector. Important questions are being raised on the public and national consequences for Indian human space-flight and planetary exploration programme; how India must quest for a larger share and role in global space market; strategies to deal with changing political and economic environments and focused imperatives of international cooperation. Based on the in-depth analysis the evolving eco-system, unique performance dimensions, achievements and critical gaps of the past 40 years, along with a careful analysis of the existing policies ? SATCOM-1999 policy and RSDP -2000/2011, the future contours of next 10-20 years of Indian Space activities have been studied. Looking ahead, a comprehensive Indian Space Policy which addresses the long-term strategy of Indian space - public goal of space as a national capability building; a national commitment to provide operational space service in the country; a good regulatory regime that promotes the Indian Space enterprise; enabling a vibrant and equitable eco-system of government-private sector partnership; systems to undertake advanced technology development; public and national commitment for human space-flight and planetary exploration mission investments; performance and social audits of space exploration activities etc. The paper, resulting from 2 papers that NIAS prepared as part of its Policy Research studies and presented in International Astronautical Congress, discuses salient aspects of the newer policy regime (in a way (new)Space for India) and outlines key highlights and strong arguments for a 2-pronged strategy for future - one, for growth of innovation and advanced space technologies through public investments that will spur riskbased future technologies and applications development AND second, carving a clearly larger role for Indian private sector that takes over operational space assets manufacturing/ownership/services and downstream application services ? apart from becoming a ?space-hub? for global space manufacturing.</p>