Being Green?

Publication Type:

Journal Articles


Neesha Dutt


Seminar, Volume 694, p.50-54 (2017)



GLOBAL land transformation is recognized as one of the major components of environmental change, and urbanization is considered one of its chief agents. A frequently used term in recent times is the ‘Anthropocene’, which highlights the fact that humans are the main geological force in this era, responsible for changing the structure and function of the earth’s ecosystems.1 Over the past century urban population growth has surged, and although this has occurred in less than 3% of the global terrestrial surface, its environmental impact has been global. In addition, studies have pointed out that in the next 40 years, almost all of the net growth in global population will be in the cities of the developing world, where most of the mega-cities (>10 million by convention) are also situated.2 In cities of developing countries such as India, rapid urbanization and population growth have given rise to a number of associated environmental problems such as resource depletion, space constraints and ecological degradation and loss. However, in an increasingly globalized world, cities in developing regions of the world are also seen as centres of socio-economic development, cultural transformation and technological innovation.3 Capitalizing on this trend, policy makers and city planners in India have encouraged the development of large-scale infrastructural projects such as enterprise parks, airports, malls, gated residential apartments and commercial complexes