Baseline Study of Elementary Education: Chamarajanagar District
Source:National Institute of Advanced Studies and DQEP, Bangalore (2003)
Chamarjanagar District was part of Mysore district and became an independent district in 1998. It is the southern-most part of Karnataka and has five taluks and five educational blocks. A characteristic feature of the district is its large population of scheduled caste and tribe communities. The district has 461 villages with 120 gram panchayats and 4 taluk panchayats. Much of the district lies in the leeward side of the Nilgiris and consists of predominantly semi-arid rain dependent flat lands interspersed with forested hills. Since 2000, the district has been subject to severe drought conditions and many of the labouring poor migrate to neighboring Mysore or to the plantation belts of Coorg and Kerala in search of seasonal labour. Industrial activities are restricted only to Kollegal belt with a narrow focus on sericulture. With the decline of the sericulture industry several settlements such as Mullur, Mudigunda, Mamballi and Hannur have been subject to a process of deindustrialization.
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