Relevance of Quantum Mechanics in Bacterial Communication
Publication Type:Journal Articles
Source:NeuroQuantology, Volume 16, Issue 3 (2018)
Keywords:Bacteria, Biofilms, Quorum Sensing Molecules (QSMs)
The recent findings confirm that bacteria communicate each other through chemical and electrical signals. Bacteria use chemical signaling molecules, which are called as quorum sensing molecules (QSMs) or autoinducers. Moreover, the ion channels in bacteria conduct a long-range electrical signaling within biofilm communities through propagated waves of potassium ions and biofilms attracts other bacterial species too. Both the communication processes are used by bacteria to make their own survival strategies. In this article, we model this bacterial communication mechanism by complex Ginzburg- Landau equation and discuss the formation of patterns depending on kinematic viscosity associated with internal noise. Again, the potassium wave propagation is described by the non-linear Schrödinger equation in a dissipative environment. By adding perturbation to nonlinear Schrödinger equation one arrives at Complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. In this paper we emphasize that at the cellular level(bacteria) we use Complex Ginzburg - Landau equation as a perturbed Non-linear Schrödinger equation to understand the bacterial communication as well as pattern formation in Biofilms for certain range of kinematic viscosity which can be tested in laboratory experiment. Here, the perturbation is due to the existence of non-thermal fluctuations associated to the finite size of the bacteria. It sheds new light on the relevance of quantum formalism in understanding the cell-to-cell communication.