Evolution of novel activation functions in neural network training of astronomy data: habitability classification of exoplanets

Publication Type:

Journal Articles

Source:

The European Physical Journal, Volume 229, Issue 16, p.2629-2738 (2020)

Abstract:

Quantification of habitability is a complex task. Previous attempts at measuring habitability are well documented. Classification of exoplanets, on the other hand, is a different approach and depends on quality of training data available in habitable exoplanet catalogs. Classification is the task of predicting labels of newly discovered planets based on available class labels in the catalog. We present analytical exploration of novel activation functions as consequence of integration of several ideas leading to implementation and subsequent use in habitability classification of exoplanets. Neural networks, although a powerful engine in supervised methods, often require expensive tuning efforts for optimized performance. Habitability classes are hard to discriminate, especially when attributes used as hard markers of separation are removed from the data set. The solution is approached from the point of investigating analytical properties of the proposed activation functions. The theory of ordinary differential equations and fixed point are exploited to justify the “lack of tuning efforts” to achieve optimal performance compared to traditional activation functions. Additionally, the relationship between the proposed activation functions and the more popular ones is established through extensive analytical and empirical evidence. Finally, the activation functions have been implemented in plain vanilla feed-forward neural network to classify exoplanets. The mathematical exercise supplements the grand idea of classifying exoplanets, computing habitability scores/indices and automatic grouping of the exoplanets converging at some level.