Conflicts in Manipur
Source:NIAS Backgrounders on Conflict Resolution, NIAS, Volume B1, Number 978-81-87663-90-4, Bangalore (2010)
For the last several decades Manipur has been driven by conflicts on issues of exclusivity, governance and integration. The conflicts have resulted in a series of flashpoints that have gained national, if not global attention. Irom Sharmila Devi, began her indefinite fast demanding the repeal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act 1958 in 2000 and has been kept alive by forced feeding. The alleged rape and murder of another lady, Thangjam Manorama Devi, by the armed forces sparked agitations, including a nude demonstration by a dozen women in the heart of Imphal city in 2004. The ceasefire agreement between a prominent Naga armed group and the Government of India brought immense apprehension among the Manipuris fearing the possible break-up of the state. Overlapping claims over land and territory by tribal groups led to violent Kuki-Naga conflict and Kuki-Paite conflict in the 1990s. Then there was a Meitei-Meitei-Muslim riot in 1993. Since 2000, a prominent armed group has banned the screening of Hindi films in Manipur claiming that these films are a form of ?cultural imperialism?. In 2005, an influential Meitei socio-cultural body spearheaded an agitation demanding the replacement of the Bengali script by the Meitei Mayek (script) in written Manipuri. A year later an influential tribal student body spearheaded an agitation demanding the affiliation of private schools from four hill districts of Manipur to the Nagaland Board of Secondary Education (NBSE). And Manipur witnessed its first ever attack against a place of worship, when gunmen bombed the ISKCON temple complex in the capital Imphal in August 2006.
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