Conflicts in Assam
Source:NIAS, Volume B3, Number 978-81-87663-90-4, Bangalore (2010)
A ssam, which is the most populous state in North East India, has been facing a number of movements aiming to achieve a variety of objectives having both ethnic and territorial focus. While some of these issues were partially resolved through the intervention of the Central government, several others remain unresolved. The unresolved conflicts have resulted in a series of flashpoints. In February 1983, ethnic riots took place in and around the village of Nellie killing over 1500 Muslim peasants of East Bengal origin. As many as 14 senior government officials, including a Russian coalmine expert, were abducted by the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) from different parts of the state on July 1, 1991. The Russian coalmine expert and two other officials were subsequently killed. The others were released one after another in exchange for several jailed ULFA rebels. Thirty-four train passengers were killed in a powerful bomb explosion in a Delhi-bound train in Kokrajhar district on December 30, 1996. Sanjoy Ghosh, a known social worker, was abducted and latter killed by ULFA in 1997. In 2003, the Bhutanese government launched an operation to flush out Indian armed groups operating on its soil in which a large number of rebels were either arrested or killed. More than 100 people were killed in the violent Kuki-Karbi conflict in Karbi Anglong district during 2003 and 2004. Sixteen children were killed in a bomb explosion at the venue of the Independence Day celebrations at Dhemaji on August 15, 2004. Nine nearsimultaneous bomb explosions on October 30, 2008 claimed nearly 90 lives and wounded more than 300 others.
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