Schizophrenia as a Disorder of the Self
“Schizophrenia as a Disorder of the Self”
Dr. John P. John, M.D.
Professor of Psychiatry &
Adjunct Faculty Member, Department of Clinical Neuroscience
PI:- Multimodal Brain Image Analysis Laboratory (MBIAL)
Chairperson: Prof. Sangeetha Menon
NIAS Consciousness Studies Programme,
National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru
26 August, 2015, 9.30 am
Lecture Hall, NIAS
All are cordially invited
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Abstract: Schizophrenia is a disorder of brain functioning which appears in some individuals typically in late adolescence and early adulthood. It affects 1 of every 200-300 individuals in the world. It typically affects the entire personality of the sufferer and therefore can substantially affect the ability of the individual to function as before. The change in personality in schizophrenia is accompanied by (i) certain new experiences or beliefs which appear real for the individual, but illogical and unreal for his/her family members and friends (delusions and hallucinations); (ii) dulling of certain abilities that the individual previously had, for e.g., his/her motivation to work, ability to interact socially, ability to enjoy work or hobbies or ability to efficiently perform functions that he/she had been carrying out well/reasonably well till then (negative symptoms); and (iii) behaviours, speech or emotional expressions that do not seem logical to others (disorganization). A given individual with schizophrenia may show one or all of the types of problems listed above. Most of the classical symptoms of schizophrenia can be understood as arising from aberrant self-consciousness or self-awareness. Such a conceptualization would potentially allow researchers to examine the neurobiology of aberrant self-awareness in schizophrenia. The talk would focus on providing a basic understanding of schizophrenia as a neuropsychiatric disorder and its conceptualization as a disorder of conscious awareness. In a subsequent presentation at NIAS, the neurobiology of this aberrant self-awareness in schizophrenia is hoped to be dealt with.
About the Speaker: Dr. John P. John is a Professor of Psychiatry as well as Adjunct Faculty in the Department of Clinical Neurosciences at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore. He heads the Multimodal Brain Image Analysis Laboratory (MBIAL) at NIMHANS. He is also an Adjunct Faculty at the National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS). Dr. John underwent post-graduate training in Psychiatry (M.D.) at NIMHANS. He underwent Post-doctoral fellowship in analysis of magnetic resonance images of the brain at the Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA. His research interest is in linking multi-modal brain imaging techniques (sMRI, fMRI, MRS, DTI, EEG, ERP, PSG) with neurochemical and molecular genetic approaches in understanding the neurobiology of schizophrenia, dementia as well as of different cognitive states. Dr. John has published his research findings in various international and national journals of repute and has won national and international recognition for his work. Some of the awards that he has received include Prof Raguram Distinguished Young Teacher Award, 2014; Young Psychiatrist Award in the Asian Region, by the Royal Perth Hospital, Western Australia, 2008; Young Investigator Award for the best paper at the International Congress of Biological Psychiatry, 2007; Tilak Venkoba Rao Oration Award of the Indian Psychiatric Society, 2007; Fogarty International Research Training in Clinical Sciences Fellowship Award, 2003; and Marfatia Award of Indian Psychiatric Society for the best research paper, 2002.